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Home > Touristic Sites > Tyre

Introduction | Aanjar | Baalbeck | Beirut | Beiteddine | Byblos | The Cedars | Faqra | Jeita | Sidon | Tripoli | Tyre | Zahle

Although the earliest origins of Tyre are unknown, the testimonies of ancient historians and some archaeological evidence suggest that it goes back to the start of the 3rd millennium BC. Tyre was originally a rocky Island, then in the 10th century BC, King Hiram expanded the mainland and built two ports and a temple to Melkart, the city's god. From the earliest times, Tyre fascinated to it the envy of the people of the Old World due to Its flourishing maritime trade, Mediterranean colonies and its purple dye and glass industries made. In the 6th century BC, the Tyrians successfully defied Bebuchadnezzar for 13 years. Alexander The Great laid siege to it for 7 years, finally overwhelming the island city by constructing a great causeway from the shore to the island. In their day, the Romans built a magnificent city at Tyre. The remains of its Roman streets, arcades and public buildings, including one of the largest hippodromes of the period, are Tyre's major attractions. Occupied by the Muslim Arabs in 636, then captured in 1124 by the Crusaders, Tyre was an important fortified town of the kingdom of Jerusalem. In 1291 the Mamlukes took the city, then during the 400 year Ottoman period beginning in 1516 it remained a quiet town.

 Lebanon Guide: Touristic Sites: Map of Lebanon Faqra Jeita Zahle Aanjar Byblos Beiteddine Sidon Tyre Tripoli The Cedars Baalbeck Beirut

Lebanon Guide: Touristic Sites: Photos: Tyre Lebanon Guide: Touristic Sites: Photos: Tyre Lebanon Guide: Touristic Sites: Photos: Tyre Lebanon Guide: Touristic Sites: Photos: Tyre
Lebanon Guide: Touristic Sites: Photos: Tyre Lebanon Guide: Touristic Sites: Photos: Tyre Lebanon Guide: Touristic Sites: Photos: Tyre
Lebanon Guide: Touristic Sites: Photos: Tyre

It has expanded its industries particularly its famous purple-dye and glass making. At this time, the purple-dye was extracted from the murex. Many civilizations have passed by: Arab, Byzantine, Roman, Greek and Phoenician.

Like other cities of Lebanon, Tyre is therefore home to many archaeological sites. The importance of this historical city and its monuments was highlighted in 1979 when UNESCO declared it a World Heritage Site. Of interest, are the reconstructed Arch of Triumph, Roman Baths, The Necropolis and Sarcophagi, and the Hippodrome which is one of the largest in the world, it extends about 500m in length and 160m in width. Nowadays, Tyre is also considered one of the biggest sites of the Middle East.


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Introduction | Aanjar | Baalbeck | Beirut | Beiteddine | Byblos | The Cedars | Faqra | Jeita | Sidon | Tripoli | Tyre | Zahle

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Last Update of LebGuide.com: February 2016